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Stone Mountain is well-known for not only its geology, but also the enormous rock relief on its north face, the largest bas-relief in the world.
The carving depicts three Confederate figures during the Civil War: Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Stone Mountain was once owned by the Venable Brothers and was the site of the founding of the second Ku Klux Klan in 1915. Stone Mountain is more than 5 miles (8 km) in circumference at its base.
Through the process of cryptobiosis, the tiny shrimp eggs (or cysts) can remain dormant for years in the dried out depressions, awaiting favorable conditions. The rare Georgia oak was first discovered at the summit, and several specimens can easily be found along the walk-up trail and in the woods around the base of the mountain.
In the fall, the extremely rare Confederate yellow daisy (Helianthus porteri) flowers appear on the mountain, growing in rock crevices and in the large wooded areas.
Stone Mountain, though often called a pink granite dome, actually ranges in composition from quartz monzonite The minerals within the rock include quartz, plagioclase feldspar, microcline and muscovite, with smaller amounts of biotite and tourmaline.
The tourmaline is mostly black in color, and the majority of it exists as optically continuous skeletal crystals, but much larger, euhedral pegmatitic tourmaline crystals can also be found in the mountain's numerous, cross-cutting felsic dikes.
The UDC was given 12 years to complete a sizable Civil War monument. Borglum abandoned the project in 1925 (and later went on to begin Mount Rushmore).
The US Mint issued a 1925 Commemorative silver US half dollar, along with the words "Stone Mountain" as part of a fundraiser for the monument.
This misconception is most likely a result of misrepresentation by granite companies and early park administration.
a charter member of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC).
The Venable Brothers, owners of the mountain, deeded the north face of the mountain to the UDC in 1916.
and coincided with the August 1915 lynching of Leo Frank in Marietta, Georgia.
On November 25 of the same year, a small group, including fifteen robed and hooded "charter members" of the new organization, met at Stone Mountain to create a new iteration of the Klan. Simmons, and included two elderly members of the original Klan.